Measurements of head variations within observation boreholes and their implications for groundwater monitoring.
As part of several groundwater investigations of the Permo-Triassic Sandstone aquifers in north west England, a detailed measurement of piezometric heads and groundwater flow within observation boreholes was made which showed that vertical differences of groundwater heads persist within aquifers. A number of case histories of these studies are presented, which are used to consider the impact of head variations on typical groundwater level and groundwater quality measurements taken in observation boreholes, with a view to recommending design criteria for observation boreholes and groundwater monitoring programmes.
Brassington F.C. (1992) Measurements of head variations within observation boreholes and their implications for groundwater monitoring. Journal of the Institution of Water & Environmental Management, Volume 6, Pages 91-100.